One size does not fit all : a multilevel exploration of job demands and stress experiences mediated by basic psychological needs and double-moderated by job resources

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dc.contributor.advisor Kocum, Lucie C.
dc.creator Florko, Lauren
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-05T14:30:58Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-05T14:30:58Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.other HF5548.85 F585 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://library2.smu.ca/handle/01/28914
dc.description vi, 139 leaves : illustrations (some colour) ; 29 cm
dc.description Includes abstract and appendices.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 92-112).
dc.description.abstract This study aims to explore the link between stressors and strain at work by examining individuals’ experiences of stressors over time. The link between stressors and strain was evaluated with the job demands-resources model. Why people experience the stressor-strain phenomenon was evaluated with self-determinism theory; specifically, satisfaction of basic psychological needs. These needs were examined as a mediator, whose fulfillment was predicted to result in lower strain. That is, it is not necessarily job demands that give rise to strain, but the lack of satisfaction of basic psychological needs. An explanation of why individuals experience stress differently was examined through a dynamic model utilizing multiple time-points and double-moderation. Resources were hypothesized to attenuate the negative relationship of demands on basic psychological needs satisfaction and the negative relationship of basic psychological needs satisfaction on strain outcomes. This model was tested between- as well as within-persons with a weekly 5-week diary study with multiple study groups. The result of this novel approach to examining the relationship of basic psychological needs satisfaction within the job demands-resources model suggest that not all stress is equal. The model was supported in one organization but not the other. Resources played a vital role in satisfying basic psychological needs, and thereby, reducing strain outcomes, particularly at the individual level. Basic psychological needs satisfaction was found to be a mediator with one study group, potentially explaining why individuals feel stressed. Overall, this research demonstrates that it is important to examine stress both across individuals but also compared to the individual’s own baseline. Implications and future research suggestions for individualized interventions are provided to help reduce the impact of workplace stress and provide practical solutions on how to satisfy employee’s basic psychological needs. en_CA
dc.language.iso en en_CA
dc.publisher Halifax, N.S. : Saint Mary's University
dc.subject.lcc HF5548.85
dc.subject.lcsh Job stress
dc.subject.lcsh Work -- Psychological aspects
dc.title One size does not fit all : a multilevel exploration of job demands and stress experiences mediated by basic psychological needs and double-moderated by job resources en_CA
dc.type Text en_CA
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial/Organizational Psychology
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology
thesis.degree.grantor Saint Mary's University (Halifax, N.S.)


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